Imágenes únicamente para fines ilustrativo
Dihydrocodeine is an opiate painkiller. It is prescribed for pain management of moderate to severe pain (Wotherspoon et al (1991)) or pain that has not responded to other pain relief such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. You may be prescribed dihydrocodeine following a serious injury or after an operation (for postoperative pain).
We also have other prescription opioid-based pain relief available
- Belongs to the opioid category of painkiller
- Treats moderate to severe pain
- Effective relief
- Genuine medication
- Shipped from EU Pharmacies
What is Dihydrocodeine?
- Dihydrocodeine is an opiate painkiller and a Class B controlled drug (BNF, 2023). It is a controlled substance currently controlled under the misuse of drugs legislation including both the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001, in the United Kingdom (GOV.UK, 2022).
- It is used for acute moderate pain to severe pain
- Dihydrocodeine can be mixed with paracetamol in certain preparations such as co-dydramol
- Both short acting and sustained release dihydrocodeine is available
- Dihydrocodeine is a opioid medicine that is sometimes known by its trade names DHC Continus and DF118 Forte
- It is important to read the patient leaflet for a full list of adverse effects and cautions.
Google Web Story - A-Z Guide to Dihydrocodeine
EU Meds have put together a Google Web Story called an ‘A-Z Guide to Dihydrocodeine’ to breakdown all terminology related to the opioid painkiller medication. You can view it below:
Patient Information Leaflet
For more information on the pain relief medication please refer to the Dihydrocodeine patient information leaflet, which is usually found in the prescription drugs' box..
How Does Dihydrocodeine Work?
Dihydrocodeine is a semi-synthetic form of opioid pain relief. It works by blocking the pain signals from the central nervous system and the brain that are sent from the area of pain, by binding to opioid receptors (Buckle, J., 2015). This means that your sensation of the pain is either reduced or eliminated (NHS, 2022).
Dihydrocodeine does not treat the cause of the pain, but it may help you to feel more comfortable whilst recovering from an injury or operation.
Minimising pain is helpful for recovery. If you are mobile then your risk of a post-operative blood clot will be reduced. You may also be able to cough more comfortably to prevent a chest infection after an operation.
How is Dihydrocodeine taken?
Dihydrocodeine is available as a tablet or liquid. The tablets should be swallowed with water.
It is advisable to take dihydrocodeine with a meal or snack, as this may reduce the risk of side effects including nausea or vomiting.
What is the correct dosage of Dihydrocodeine?
A common dose of standard release dihydrocodeine is 30mg taken every 4 to 6 hours. The maximum dose across 24 hours is 180mg. Standard dihydrocodeine takes around two hours to begin working fully.
A slow release tablet is also available. The dose of dihydrocodeine begins working more slowly, but has a longer pain-relieving effect. This means the tablets can be taken less frequently. The usual dose of slow release dihydrocodeine is 60mg to 120mg taken twice a day.
What are the side effects of Dihydrocodeine?
Like all medications, dihydrocodeine can have some side effects.
Dihydrocodeine Side Effects
The most common side effects include:
- Nausea or vomiting (feeling sick or being sick)
- Feeling sleepy
- Feeling dizzy
- Dry mouth.
If these side effects don’t settle or are troublesome, speak to a healthcare professional for advice.
Rarely, serious side effects can occur when taking dihydrocodeine. These include:
- Feeling dizzy or tired due to low blood pressure
- Stiff muscles.
You should speak to a doctor if these side effects occur.
You should call 999 if you have a seizure or fit, or if you have difficulty breathing when taking dihydrocodeine.
If you have a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) including breathlessness, lip or tongue swelling, call 999 immediately.
What warnings are there for Dihydrocodeine?
Dihydrocodeine may not be suitable for everyone. You should tell your doctor if you have:
- Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Lung disease including asthma
- Liver or kidney disease
- A head injury
- Seizures or fits
- Thyroid disease
- Myasthenia gravis
- Galactose intolerance
- Obstructive sleep apnoea
- Alcohol or drug addiction
Dihydrocodeine may not be suitable if you are pregnant, trying to conceive, or breastfeeding.
Some medications can interact with dihydrocodeine. You may be advised that dihydrocodeine will not suit you if you already take:
- A painkiller that contains codeine
- Sleeping tablets
- Anti-sickness medications
- Allergy medications
- Anxiety medications.
You should also tell your prescriber about any herbal remedies or supplements you take. This will allow your prescriber to check that dihydrocodeine will not interact with them.
It is important that your doctor checks that dihydrocodeine will suit you. Your doctor should complete a thorough health questionnaire and review your current medications before prescribing this medication.
Can you take Dihydrocodeine at the same time as benzodiazepine medications?
No, it is not safe to take Dihydrocodeine at the same time as benzodiazepine medications. The side effects can be severe, for example, combined use of both types of medication could result in respiratory depression, sedation, coma and/or death (Electronic Medicines Compendium, 2020). This emphasises the importance of speaking to a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice prior to starting treatment with dihydrocodeine, any other opioid medication and/or benzodiazepine medications to ensure that they are safe and suitable for your requirements. This is further supported by Zamparutti et al (2011) who concluded that opiate/opioid misusers should be educated about risks of polydrug misuse.
Can Dihydrocodeine affect sexual health?
Is Dihydrocodeine suitable for dental pain?
No, according to BMJ (2013), The BNF does not recommend the use of dihydrocodeine (and opiod analgesics) as they are relatively ineffective at treating dental pain and can have adverse effects. You should always consult your doctor for advice on pain relief treatments to ensure that the medication is the most appropriate treatment for your requirements.
Are withdrawal symptoms possible if you stop taking dihydrocodeine?
Yes. Patients who suddenly stop taking dihydrocodeine could suffer from withdrawal symptoms, particularly if the are addicted (NHS, 2022). These withdrawal symptoms can include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Panic attacks
- Involuntary shaking
- Heart palpitations
- Trouble sleeping
The BNF (2020) advise that to reduce the risks of dependence, addiction and withdrawal symptoms, dihydrocodeine dose reduction should be tapered slowly at the end of treatment - tapering a high dose of dihydrocodeine safely can take a longer period of time, ranging from weeks to months. Your doctor or healthcare professional will be able to advise you on how to safely taper dosage of dihydrocodeine to suit your individual situation.
If you are concerned about withdrawal symptoms or addiction to dihydrocodeine, you should consult your doctor or trusted healthcare professional prior to starting treatment with the medication. They will be able to advise you on approriate usage and if the medication is suitable for you.
How does the analgesic effect compare to other pain relief medication?
How long is dihydrocodeine detectable in urine for?
Research by Mayo Clinic Laboratories (2023) indicates that dihydrocodeine is typically detectable for up to three days in a patient's urine.
What other opioids are used for mild to moderate pain relief?
According to NHS (2021), in relation to palliative care, when a patient's pain cannot be managed by paracetamol usage, the World Health Organization (WHO) suggest that an opioid medication could be a potential solution for healthcare professionals to prescribe to patients. These opioids come in various forms, dosages and release characteristics. Examples of alternative opioids to dihydrocodeine, for the management of mild to moderate pain, include:
- Buprenorphine patches
Is dihydrocodeine effective in treating breathing problems?
Research has suggested that dihydrocodiene intake reduced breathlessness by 20% in the following 45 minutes, whilst also increasing exercise tolerance by 18% and a reduction in oxygen consumption and ventilation when work loads were at a submaximal level, although there were no changes to the spirometric volumes (Woodcock et al, 1981). However, this study is dated and also recommends that further evaluation is needed into the long-term benefits and safety of usage. In combination with aspirin and caffeine, dihydrocodeine has risk of causing sleep-related breathing problems such as sleep apnea (Mayo Clinic, 2023). You should always consult your doctor or healthcare professional prior to using dihydrocodeine to ensure that it is appropriate for you.
How should you dispose of controlled drugs such as dihydrocodeine?
The CQC have set out guidelines for how care homes can work with their relevant community pharmacy to dispose of control drugs including advice on storing them appropriately and keeping appropriate records of the medications (Care Quality Commision, 2022).
What experiences have Dihydrocodeine users had?
Every patient needing pain relief treatment has different symptoms and a unique individual experience when taking Dihydrocodeine as a medication.
You must speak to a doctor or your healthcare provider before taking Dihydrocodeine. They will assess your suitability for the medication and whether your health condition requires an alternative treatment.
Where to buy Dihydrocodeine online?
Are you looking for a safe, trusted online clinic where you can buy Dihydrocodeine? EU Meds is an online clinic. If you have a prescription, we can fill it for you and ship it to you within 48 hours (most days of the week).
Buy Dihydrocodeine Online
If you don't currently have a prescription for Dihydrocodeine, our online consultation with a pharmacist independent prescriber may be able to assist you. The online consultation will ensure that Dihydrocodeine is the right prescription medication for your medical condition. If approved, you can continue to order Dihydrocodeine with your electronic prescription, just as you would at an online pharmacy. For a repeat prescription, the same process will apply, to ensure your safety and suitability for the prescription medicine.
- Drugs.com - Dihydrocodeine, Aspirin, and Caffeine
- Mayo Clinic - Aspirin, Caffeine, and Dihydrocodeine
- WebMD - DHC Plus Oral
- NHS - Dihydrocodeine
- BNF - Dihydrocodeine Tartrate
- ScienceDirect - Dihydrocodeine
- Medicines.org.uk - Dihydrocodeine Summary of Product Characteristics
- DrugBank - Dihydrocodeine
- MHRA Products - Dihydrocodeine Label